Floating Fish Feed Extruder Machine Dry & Wet Types

Make Different types of Fish Feed

There are mainly 3 types of fish feed: floating fish feed, sinking fish feed, and slow sinking fish feed / fish bait. For making different fish feed pellets, the production process is different.

  • Main raw materials of fish feed pellets processing: Maize (corn), wheat flour, , wheat bran, rapeseed oil cake, soybean oil meal/cake, fish powder, vitamins, salt, mircoelements, barley flour, cassava, etc.

Single Fish Feed Extruder for sale

This floating fish feed extruder machine, also called floating fish feed pellet mill, is mainly utilized for making floating fish feed pellets or sinking, slow sinking fish feed for catfish, aquarium fish, shrimp, tilapia, red or black porgy, rainbow trout, carp; 

Model  Screw diameter Capacity (kg/h) Main power Feeding power Cutting power Packaging Size Weight
BEM40 φ40mm 30-40 5.5kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1400* 1100* 880 310
BEM50 φ50mm 60-80 11kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1450* 1120* 900 360
BEM60 φ60mm 120-150 15kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1470* 1150* 900 386
BEM70 φ70mm 180-250 18.5kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1500* 1320* 950 640
BEM80 φ80mm 300-350 22kw 0.4kw 1.1kw 1800* 1500* 1000 790
BEM90 φ90mm 400-450k 30kw 0.6kw 1.5kw 2300* 1640* 1000 950
BEM120 φ120mm 500-700 55kw 1.1kw 2.2kw 2330* 2000* 1200 1850
BEM135 φ133mm 800-1000 75kw 1.1kw 2.2kw 2330* 2030* 1200 2050
BEM160 φ155mm 1200-1500 90kw 1.5kw 2.2kw 3100* 2650* 1800 3600
BEM200 φ195mm 1800-2000 132kw 1.5kw 3.0kw 3100* 2850* 1900 4322

It can also be pet food extruder for making pet food for dog and cat. You can also use it to make extruded feather meal.as a protein additive to replace fish meal.


The Structure Of Feed Extruder

  • Feeder: it is to ensure the uniform and stable feeding, and adjust the feeding quantity according to the rated current value of the extrusion motor. Generally it uses electromagnetic speed motor or frequency converter to control speed and change material feeding quantity. The outlet of the feeding hopper is usually fed by the spiral dragline to the extruded section.
  • Extruding chamber: it consists of a screw, a barrel, a template, a clamp and so on. The screw, and barrel are piecewise combined, so the degree of compression can be adjusted in accordance with the type and requirements of extruded feed, in order to change the expansion of the extruded feed.
  • The expansion mechanism is divided into 3 segments according to its function and position:
  • Feeding section: in this section the screw pitch is large, so it mainly transports and compresses materials, so that the spiral groove is filled with feed material.
  • Compression section: the slot of screw shallows along the material pushing direction and compresses the material.
  • Extrusion section: screw groove is more shallow, pitch gradually turns smaller, and the extrusion pressure reaches up to 3.0-10Mpa, the temperature can reach 120-150 degrees Celsius.

The outlet of extrusion section is a template, and the template shape can be designed into different die hole shapes according to the needs of different feeds. When the feed is extruded from die holes and enters the atmosphere, both its temperature and pressure drop, as a result the rapid expansion of the volume and rapid water evaporation dehydration solidify the feed into expanded fish feed or pet food.

Start fish Feed production Business

Mini Fish Feed Production Line (30-150kg/h)

This is a complete plant including process of crushing, mixing, extruding, drying, spraying. It also includes dedusting machine and storage bin. The equipment cost depends on the production output and process design. Message us your email or what'sapp (include area code), to get customized project plan for FREE, and enjoy the latest discounted price.

Fish feed extruding process

  • 1. Raw material selection

Besides the nutritional value, the processing characteristics of aquatic feed raw materials should also be an important factor to be concerned about. The ideal processing characteristics of aquatic feed raw materials are not only manifested by larger output and less energy consumption in crushing, mixing or granulation, the more important point is that the final produced fish feed pellets must have good stability in water.

Starch is usually an important component in aquatic feeds, and the content of starch can be 5% to 60%. It is suggested that the starch content of sinking fish feed is 10% to 15%, and the starch content of floating fish feed is no less than 20%. In extruding fish feed pellets, carbohydrates act as adhesives, suspending agents, and emulsifiers. It is an important determinant of many structures and special sensory properties of extruded products.

  • 2. Crushing

Crushing process can reduce raw material size to desired particle size. For producing 150-700kg/h fish feed pellets with regular requirements, the hammer mill is enough. For producing 1-10T/h fish feed pellets, the water-drop crusher is a must. For even larger aquatic feed manufacturing factory, the crushing process adopts secondary crushing technology, that is: first normal crushing, and then fine crushing.

  • 3. Mixing

Mixing is one of the most important processes in aquatic feed production. If the physical properties of feed ingredients are the same, mixing is very simple. But as a matter of fact, the physical properties of feed ingredients are varied, and the problem of mixing and separation coexist. These physical properties include: particle size, particle shape, density or specific gravity, hygroscopicity, static charge and viscosity.

When adding material to the mixer, the smaller the ingredient is, the later it should be added., such as vitamins, minerals and drug premixture. Before adding oil or liquid, all dry ingredients must be mixed well (dry mixed). After dry mixing, spray oil or other liquids on the top, then mix again (wet mix). Horizontal twin screw mixer is the most commonly used mixer for aquatic feed. Usually there is a discharge port equal to the full length of the mixer at the bottom. Most fish feeds need to add some liquids. In some cases, they need to add some moist raw materials. In practice, it is generally allowed to add 10% of the liquid.

  • 4. Conditioning (optional)

Conditioning is to add water and heat to the powdery material before making fish feed, it can: improve the digestibility and water resistance of feed, kill pathogenic bacteria. Usually this process is realized by wet type fish feed extruder, but its price is much higher. So, for ordinary fish feed production, this process is not necessary.

  • 5. Fish feed pelletizing or extruding

For making fish feed pellets, there are mainly 2 types of machines: common feed pellet mill, fish feed extruder.

Common feed pellet mill can produce sinking fish feed and fish bait. Compare to making livestock or poultry feed pellets, the production of fish feed using feed pellet mill has the following features: 1. higher compression ratio.

Fish feed extruder:Nowadays, the most widely used fish feed extruder is single screw type. While the single screw fish feed extruder can also be divided into dry extruder and wet extruder. The fish feed extruder can produce all kinds of fish feed, like floating fish feed, sinking fish feed, slow sinking fish feed, and also semi-humid fish feed. However, as the feed extruding machine has complex operation, high price, and high production cost compared to common feed pellet mill, it is usually utilized in producing high grade aquatic feed.

  • 6. Fish feed pellets drying

In order to prevent mildew of fish feed, aquatic feed must have good anticorrosive property. For fish feed factories, the most economical way is to reduce feed moisture, this is realized by dryer. The 3-layer drying machine can improve drying space and efficiency, at the same time screen fish feed pellets and seprate the powder. After heating and drying, the moisture content of the product is controlled below 11.5%, plus a well sealed outer package, generally, the feed can be stored safely for a long time. This physical anticorrosion method does not change the composition of feed, change the pH value of feed, nor affect the water quality of and feed quality. It is a safe and effective method.

  • 7. Out-spraying

In fish or aquatic feed production, the edible oil and heat-sensitive components are usually sprayed by drum-type sprayer. When feed pellets fall, the vaporous liquid material is sprayed to them, so feed pellets can fully contact with droplets in the air. The main technical points of this external sparying technology are: (1) make the liquid atomized as much as possible. The smaller the droplets of atomization, the more uniform the distribution of liquid in the particles. To do this, the design of the spray nozzle is very important; (2) the weight of the particles and the liquid material match. The outside spraying process is a continuous operation process, so the water solubility of spraying liquid must be considered to avoid loss into the water.

  • 8. Fish feed pellets cooling

The fish feed pellets, after spraying liquid, are conveyed to counter-flow cooler. The counter-flow cooler has many advantages in fish feed pellets processing, such as high automation, small air volume, low power consumption and small floor area.


Advantages Of Extruded Fish Feed Over Ordinary Feed Pellets

Compared to ordinary complete formula feed pellets, extruded feed pellets have the following advantages:

  • The palatability of feed is improved. By extruding the feed raw material, the aroma of feed is increased and the palatability is improved, which can stimulate the appetite of the animals.
  • The digestibility of the feed is increased. After the fodder is extruded and expanded, the long chain structure of protein, fat and other organic compounds becomes short chain structure, so it becomes more digestible.
  • The quality of feed is improved. Because protein is combined with starch matrix, it is not easy to lose when feeding. Only when the digestive enzyme decomposes starch, can it release the protein and improve the protein potency. Secondly, the extrusion combines fat and starch into a composite product of lipoprotein or lipopolysaccharide which reduces the content of free fatty acid, and the passivates lipase, inhibit oil degradation, reduce the rancidity and rancidity of grease components in the process of storage and transportation. Extruding also reduces the content of bacteria, mold and fungi in feed raw materials, improves the hygienic quality of feed, provides sterilized and cured feed for animal body, thereby reducing the risk of animal disease and reducing the dosage of various pharmaceutical ingredients.

If you are planning to make fish feed, pet food, or extruding feather meal, this extruder machine is your BEST CHOICE! Contact Us now to get FREE QUOTATION!

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